Desalination, for many, seems to be a long awaited salvation. The reality is that desalination is the most expensive, most energy intensive water source we have in San Diego. Those of us already conserving are subsidizing this expensive water so that homeowners who want green lawns and high water use landscapes can continue to do so.
The Poisodon Desalination plant in Carlsbad is designed to produce ONLY 7% of water needs for the San Diego Region. Keep that number in mind.
In San Diego, it is estimated that 55% of our water use is Residential. That's YOU and I in our homes. Of that 55% of the water that is used in San Diego, we use 65-75% on our LANDSCAPE! This means we pipe 80% of our water into San Diego from the Colorado River and from Northern California so we can unsustainably keep lawns and other inappropriate landscape plantings.
Knowing this, we realize that we can arm OURSELVES with tools to more efficiently allocate our water use. We can be empowered to employ a series of integrated strategies to reduce landscape irrigation by HALF. The impact on our regional water supply would be a 20% reduction in water use! In our own backyards and front yards we can use laundry greywater, onsite rainwater resources, and smarter landscape designs to accommodate onsite water and an ethic of place to redesign our landscapes.
Energy is an often hidden cost that we don't realize is dramatically entwined with our water use in California. Sometimes known as Watergy, sometimes known as the Water-Energy Nexus, the use of energy in California's Water "Cycle of Insanity" has direct impact on Climate Change. We use an incredible amount of energy to transport and clean water around the state.
By reducing our overall water use, the amount of energy used in each of the steps along the way is reduced. By removing ourselves from large-scale, energy intensive municipal solutions for each of these steps, we can further reduce our carbon footprint. For example, by rerouting your laundry greywater out to your plants in your yard, not only are you reducing the water you need to water your plants and therefore reducing the energy needed to source, treat, and distribute the water for your plants, but you are also reducing the amount the amount of energy for the end use of this water and wastewater treatment.
By reducing our landscape water needs by half we can conserve 20% of our regions water supply, thus negating the current need for the energy inefficient Desalination plant. One day, it would be nice to meet ALL of our water needs with local water, while keeping our local ecosystems in tact. When the day comes where draining ecosystems hundreds of miles away is no longer an option for us, having a desalination plant to create drinking water will be essential. But as it currently stands, it's an expensive, energy intensive, wasteful, ecologically destructive alternative to engendering a conservation ethic and a moral compass for all of us to claim personal responsibility as part of the local water cycle.
The NRDC has provided a series of reports outlining the current and future impact of Climate Change on our global water resources. Between water quality, flooding, evaporation rates, and more, we need to take action now to protect our dwindling fresh water supplies. The recommendation is for municipalities to take heed and begin to restructure water supply philosophy to employ a conservation ethic. Don't wait for your local water supply district to implement restrictions, incentives, etc. Start now! Change begins with each of us!